RS1P teaches and strengthens the following essential literacy skills:

• Letter-sound knowledge (Knowledge of the letters or groups of letters which represent the individual sounds in language)
• Phonological awareness (Awareness of the sound structure of language)
• Phonemic awareness (Awareness of the individual sounds in words)
• Blending (The ability to join sounds together to make words)
• Segmentation (The ability to break words up into separate sounds)
• Sight word recognition (The ability to recognise the most common words in written language)
• Auditory discrimination (The ability to tell the difference between similar sounds or words)
• Articulatory awareness (Awareness of how sounds are made by the mouth and articulators)
• Visual discrimination (The ability to tell the difference between visually similar letters or words)
• Word knowledge (Vocabulary)